Women Kickboxing in Thailand
Women Kick Boxing
from Sawasdee Magazine, Volume 29, Number 10 ' October2000;
At first glance, the large, sparsely furnished dormitory could be the
living quarters of any trio of typical Thai teenagers. On top of a low
cabinet in one corner, cutesy cupid figurines vie for space with a large
bridal doll dressed in ruffled white organdy and bottles of beauty
Care products. Hello kitty paraphernalia cram the shelves of the single
wardrobe. On the wall, next to the scotch-taped poster of a local rock
band, sits a small Buddhist shrine. The room's 17-year-old inhabitants
themselves also represent a standard cross section of Thai teenagedom.
Jaeda from CHIANG MAI is currently relaxing in bed with a mudpack on her
face. A ghetto blaster blares out pop tunes. Two portable fans at the
foot of the narrow metal cot circulate warm air in her general direction.
Her roommates Fah Sathan from Khon Kaen and Soi Dao from Chantaburi are
not around, but several stuffed animals and a half-finished jigsaw puzzle
on the floor attest to their recent presence.
On closer inspection of the room, however, certain anomalies belie the
ordinariness of its residents. Among the tiny statuettes arrayed around
the bridal doll is a framed photo of a young woman dressed in red satin
Facing the camera, she assumes the classic MUAY THAI (Thai kick boxing)
stance: knees slightly bent ,gloved hands raised. And instead of the dresses and blouses normally found in teenagers'
cupboards, this one is filled with sports apparel sleeveless jerseys,
shiny satin boxing trunks and mini capes. The Buddhist reliquary too
is unusual. In addition to the standard offerings of incense sticks,
vases of fresh flowers and dried jasmine garlands, three mongkon (ceremonial
headbands worn by Muay thai boxers at the start of a match) hang from
Actually, the young women are Nak Muay Ying (female boxes). In
boxing parlance Fah Sathan fights in the junior flyweight category, Soi
Dao is a flyweight, and Jaeda a pin-weight. Along with three other teenagers(including
Rung-arun Sor Fongnom, the country's hottest female fighter) ,they live
upstairs at the Muay Thai Institute (MTI), an unimposing five-story structure
located behind a disco on the outskirts of Bangkok. Ranging in age from
15 to 17, the girls train six days a week from 5.30am until 7pm-with time
out for meals and naps-and attend high school on Sundays.
The ground floor of the building houses the 2,000-seat Rangsit stadium
which boasts the country's first officially sanctioned boxing ring for
women. Fah Sathan and her cohorts are in the vanguard of a quiet revolution
that is upending the rarified male-only world of kick boxing in Thailand.
Long-held superstitions and prejudices that women pugilists will jinx
any ring they fight in have traditionally colored local attitudes toward
nak muay ying.
Thai women have not fought professionally since the late '60s
when Amnuay Kesbumrung, current president of the MTI and a former fighter
himself, tried to popularize the sport by holding female bout at the famed
Lumpini Stadium. However, he abandoned the idea after three years because
the predominantly male Thai fans refused to watch -- or more crucially
bet on -- the matches. In the ensuring four decades, the only place to
see women boxing was a provincial temple fairs and festivals.
So what was it that created the second coming of kick boxing for Thai
women? Essentially the impetus came from abroad. Over the last decade,
women throughout Europe, Australia, the US and Japan have been taking
up Muay Thai as a form of exercise and self defense. Wanting to test out
their skills in the country where the sport originated, the foreign boxes
came here only to discover a dearth of qualified local opponents.
"Thai women weren't being properly trained and the foreigners basically
destroyed them," recounts Niamh (pronounced Neve) Griffin, a junior featherweight
champion from Ireland. "It was humiliating for the Thais." Under pressure
to even up the boxing scores, in 1998 Amnuay resuscitated the idea of
promoting women's fights. This time, however, he decided to provide women
-- and any interested men -- with an on-site school as well as just a
Thai Women are in the vanguard of quiet revolution that
is upending the rarified male-only world of kick boxing in Thailand
In conjunction with the World Muay Thai Council, he turned
Rangsit stadium -- the smallest of city's three boxing arenas -- into
a certified training facility. Because the male fighters categorically
refused to let women inside the existing ring, Amnuay had to build a second
Despite the "separate but equal" facilities, male boxers
still climb into Rangsit's woman-only ring for their practice sessions,
even though the ban on women using theirs remains in full sexist force.
Nonetheless, Rangsit is a welcome alternative to most of the country's
provincial boxing camps and gyms which will not even let women into the
premises, much less allow them to train. And the few that do offer training,
hold them to their gender biases when it comes to entering a ring.
Once inside the ring, Thai women fight
just as intensely as their male countrymen. The only difference between
the five-round matches is that men fight three-minutes rounds with one-minuted
breaks, while women go for two-minutes with two-minutes breaks.
In sharp contrast to the Thai stereotype
of smiling gentleness, the sport combines graceful physicality with grunting
savagery that can break bones and draw blood. Even the name of the various
move conjure up an aura of violence: Mountain Overturns Earth, Break
the Elephant's Neck, Rama Pulls the Arrow String.
As in men's Muay Thai, each
match begin with the ceremonial Ram Muay dance taken from the Ramakien
( a Thai epic closely based on the Hindu Ramayana). Wearing the
traditional Mongkon haedbands created from written monk's prayers
that are wrapped in silk thread, the boxer move gracefully in the center
of the ring, bowing in all directions. The dance is a mark of respect
for the boxer's trainer and parents. As Niamh explains, "It also serves
to calm a fighter so she can take possession of the ring and feel safe
there." Supposedly in the past you could tell which gym a fighter came
from on the basis of the style of the dance. Nowadays this is no longer
Once the fight starts, the boxers are in
constant motion, except when they get backed into a corner or clinch together
with their red-gloved hands around each other's necks. A good fighter
never throw just one kick and stops; she immediately follows through by
thrusting a knee, elbow or fist at any part of her opponent's anatomy.
Like the men, the women fight barefoot and ware no protective gear apart
from a padded bra and crotch guard. (Amateurs cover the head, elbows,
knees and waist with padded guards.)
Rangsit's bi-weekly Saturday night matches
attract female fighters from all over Thailand, Australasia and Europe.
Nowhere near as profitable as the raucous, jam-packed matches held at
Ratchadamnoen and Lumpini Stadiums, the events rarely pull in large crowds.
Only when local champion Rung-arun, or one of the famous foreigners like
Niamh Griffin, appear on the program does attendance rise above 100 spectators.
The low turnout doesn't seem to deter the contenders who, whatever
their level of expertise, treat their opponents like humen punching bags.
A well-fought match generates incredible intensity in and out of the ring.
The increasingly frenetic rhythms of the traditional three-piece band
and the loud shouts of "Oy, oy, oy" from the crowd ramp up the intensity
The 63-year-old Amnuay works tirelessly
to promote his "girls" at home and abroad. He has already taken Rung-arun,
Fah Sathan and Soi Dao to Singapore for exhibition matches and dreams
of organizing a fight between Rung-arun and Lila Ali (Mohammed's daughter)
in two or three years.
Like many other Thai promoters and trainers,
he's extremely paternalistic -- and strict -- with his teenaged charges.
Those who flaunt his 9pm curfew can look forward to a close encounter
with the bamboo stick.
The age factor creates some interesting
dilemmas. The current crop of Thai women contenders are mostly teenagers
who come from low-income, rural backgrounds. Boxing gives them full-time
career with unprecedented travel and money-making opportunities. Even
so, most plan to quit the profession by their early 20s to get married.
On the other hand, the realities of life outside Thailand mean few foreign
women can afford to devote themselves full-time to a career that requires
three- to four-week restorative breaks between bouts. Their training get
sandwiched in between regular jobs and they're often considerably older
--sometimes by 10 years or more -- than their Thai opponents. In a society
like Thailand, where ages correlates with experience, the older foreigners
are assumed to be stronger fighters. To even out the perception of the odds, women like the 20-something
Niamh (who bagan her meteoric career in Bangkok in 1998) sometimes subtract
a few years from their age.
The fledgling career of one Thai Boxer
may help change local attitudes towards age. Since childhood, 28-year-old
Boontern Kijtmuti always wanted to be a boxing champion. After completing
her basic schooling, she helped her mother selling noodle soup from a
streetside cart in Bangkok before starting her own noodle vending business.
By 17 she was married and soon had two sons (now 10 and 8) to care for.
After her marriage fell apart, Boonterm decided it was time to pursue
her dream. Leaving her sons with their grandparents, she took a part-time
job in restaurant and began training. (To help defray costs, she also
washes the gym's laundry twice daily). In late June, after only three
months of training, Boonterm won her first match at Rangsit Stadium.
Meanwhile, both Amnuay and his Western-educated
son Nutchakorn Kesbumrung (who holds the imposing title of deputy director
of foreign affairs at MTI) devote most of their energy --and money --
to changing the Thai perception of women boxers. Lacking and sponsorship, they defray the costs of the Saturday night
bouts with funds from other family-run businesses (a disco and car dealership).
At the close of typical Saturday night, Amnuay sits at the ticket booth
near the entrance to the stadium and doles out money to the fighters.
Win or lose, each yong women gets paid (usually US$25-$75). Not much compared
to the fees for the highly lucrative men's matches, but enough to sustain
a sense of pride and accomplishment.
"If we stop trying, there'd be nothing,"
says Nutchakorn "We're planting the seed. And we'll keep up the women's
fights for as long as we can because we truly believe that one day it
will become a popular sports."